Posted on December 5, 2016 by Nefer-Ra

How does Shakespeare represent Macbeth’s deteriorating mind

“How does Shakespeare represent Macbeth’s deteriorating mind”?

In William Shakespeare’s Macbeth the main character (Macbeth) is at first a proud man who is sure of himself and is a renowned brave soldier. After winning a battle the he is approached by three witches who prophesize that he will become the Thane of Cawdor and more importantly the King of Scotland “All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor,all hail, Macbeth, that shall be king hereafter”. Macbeth’s became uneasy after the first prediction of him becoming Thane of Cawdor came true.

Shakespeare uses Metaphor in Macbeth to show the state that Macbeth is in. In act 2 scene 2 just after they he had murdered king Duncan he used the metaphor  “cry, Macbeth does murder sleep” this metaphor means that Macbeth’s mind will never be at ease after killing Duncan and he believes that because of it he will not sleep again, he has “Murdered his sleep”

In Macbeth the metaphysical is used to show Hes state of mind.Lady Macbeth and three witches are two factors into the concept of metaphysics and the represent the darkness in Macbeth’s mind that broke him down and filled him with “deep desires” (act 1 scene4 .”For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires” this is metaphysical quote regarding Macbeth and his fate and what his future holds for him in his case becoming King of Scotland. Macbeth wants to defy his fate “Stars,hide your fires”.

In Macbeth iambic pentameter (rythm of characters speaking) is used to show the status of

Posted on November 23, 2016 by Nefer-Ra

ACBETHWhat is Shakespeare trying to communicate about life in this passage spoken by the character Macbeth?

What is Shakespeare trying to communicate about life in this passage spoken by the character Macbeth?

She should have died hereafter;
There would have been a time for such a word.
To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow,
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day
To the last syllable of recorded time,
And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player
That struts and frets his hour upon the stage
And then is heard no more: it is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,
Signifying nothing.

In this extract Macbeth’s wife,Lady Macbeth has died of stress this is in the midst of an attack from the English army led by deceased former king Duncan’s son Malcolm.

Macbeth says “She should have died hereafter ,There would have time for such a word”. This is Macbeth saying that Lady Macbeth should have died when he would have the time to grieve but his castle is under attack so if she had died later he would of had time to mourn the loss of his wife.

Shakespeare is trying to communicate that life shouldn’t be taken for granted it is too short Macbeth describes life as being a shadow because shadows have no substance and are only made by an object casting it. The definition of a shadows is  partial or complete darkness so in theory Macbeth is saying that life is partial or complete darkness.

Creeps in this petty pace from day to day this quote is saying that death moves at a slow pace and creeping up one you everyday, until one day you die “To the last syllable of recorded time”

Shakespeare is communicating through Macbeth that life is short or as referred to by Macbeth ” brief candle” a candle is lit and once it burns out it is never lit again Macbeth is saying that the candle signifies how quick and meaningless a life can be

Posted on November 7, 2016 by Nefer-Ra

2 quotes of Macbeth’s frame of mind.

Thou canst not say I did it. Never shake

Thy gory locks at me.

This quote is when Macbeth as lost his mind and is currently talking to the ghost of Banquo the man he had killed

Prithee, see there! Behold! Look! Lo! How say you?

Why, what care I?

Macbeth is trying to show lady Macbeth Banquo’s ghost

Posted on October 19, 2016 by Nefer-Ra

Macbeth’s Sanity and guilt

1) In Act 1, Scene 3 Macbeth is told by the three witches that he will be thane of Cawdor and the King of Scotland and Macbeth does’nt understand how because the thane of Cawdor and the king are both alive disagreeing with what the witches saying this is a key event as to why Macbeth starts to loose his mind.

After Macbeth is told this he starts to wonder if he will be a king



” My thought, whose murder yet is but fantastical,


Shakes so my single state of man


That function is smothered in surmise,


And nothing is but what is not.”(Macbeth Act 1, Scene 3)




2) After Macbeth is told that he will be king of scotland he and his wife embark on a journey make him king by killing the current king Macbeth starts to loose his mind and sees an invisible dagger or “Dagger of the mind”.Macbeth realises that he is hollucinating because he is under pressure to kill duncan “heat-opressed brain.”


” Is this a dagger which I see before me,


The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee.


I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.


Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible


To feeling as to sight? Or art thou but


A dagger of the mind, a false creation,


Proceeding from the heat-oppressèd brain?”(Macbeth act 2,scene1)


3)In Act 1 scene 4, Macbeth finds out that Malcom is now the prince of cuberland and Macbeth now wants to be above him since the witches told him their prophecy he has become power hungry and dazed.


”  The prince of Cumberland! That is a step


On which I must fall down, or else o’erleap,


For in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires;


Let not light see my black and deep desires.


The eye wink at the hand, yet let that be


Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.”(Macbeth act 1,Scene 4)


4) Macbeth has been persuaded by his wife Lady Macbeth to kill his dear friend and king,Duncan. Macbeth is willing to do it.


” If it were done when ’tis done, then ’twere well


It were done quickly. If the assassination


Could trammel up the consequence, and catch


With his surcease success; that but this blow


Might be the be-all and the end-all here.”(Macbeth Act 1,scene 7).


5)After Macbeth kills duncan and his two guards he feels the guilt attached to his deed.



(looking at his hands) This is a sorry sight (Act 2 scene 2,line 20)



There’s one did laugh in ’s sleep, and one cried. “Murder!”


That they did wake each other. I stood and heard them.


But they did say their prayers, and addressed them


Again to sleep.(Act 2 scene 2,line 25)




One cried, “God bless us!” and “Amen” the other,


As they had seen me with these hangman’s hands.


List’ning their fear I could not say “Amen,” (Act 2 scene 2 line 30)



Posted on July 6, 2016 by Nefer-Ra

Year Nine Experimental Reasearch phase one

Dear Virgin Galactic,my name is Professor Briscoe and i have completed the highly difficult Electro magnet badge and worked at the most prestigious university of science and i am conducting an experiment that proves that mass changes the speed at which an object falls and this would be of service to you simply because your company wants to start send civilians on expensive trips to space. This will benefit your company because we can measure the speed at which your shuttle will fall back to earth if something goes wrong and then you will be able to anticipate a size of parachute to slow down the falling i will need $300,000 to conduct these experiments.

i hypothesize that the increase in weight will decrease the amount of time it will take to fall to the ground. I can prove this with a webpage dedicate directly to this

Do Heavier Objects Really Fall Faster?

I will use a paper helicopter to it to see how fast it will fall to the. ground.
This experiment will be carried out more than 100 times adding the slightest bit of weight to the helicopter to see the difference falling speed.This will also be of use to virgin atlantic in anticipating a possible engine failure.
Every time we drop these helicopters we will add weight and measure the time it takes to drop.

This will benefit your company
massively and will save you money
Thank you for your time.

Posted on June 23, 2016 by Nefer-Ra

phase two research


metre-stick (graduated in millimeters) to make the measurements as accurate as possible.

stopwatch(that counts in 10th of a second) to give an accurate reading.

paperclips;to add weight to helicopter.

clamps(to hold the metre -stick in place) to make sure the meter stick doesn’t move or the test wont be accurate.

my hypothesis is that the more weight added to the helicopter the faster it will fall i will do this by adding one paperclip every time i drop the helicopter i will also weigh how heavy the paperclip is so i know how much weight im adding.

my dependent variable is what i will measure which is the time it will take for the helicopter to touch the ground.

the independent variable is what i will change which is the amount of paperclips i use to add weight to my helicopter.

Establishing Causality.

the reason that the helicopter will fall at different rates is because the paperclips add weight to the paper causing the helicopter to fall faster.

Posted on June 6, 2016 by Nefer-Ra

How does the director of Hotel Rwanda use cinematographic techniques to develop tension in Paul’s epiphany scene

In the movie hotel Rwanda directed by Terry George there are a multitude of techniques used to enhance tension in a film that tackles the difficult events of the true story of how one race was separated into two classes of people the Hutu and the Tutsi, when Belgium colonised Rwanda they divided it between the tutsi who were classified as light skinned and thin noses, they were originally in charge of Rwanda. When the Belgians left they gave the power to the Hutu,who had darker skin and thick big noses and the Hutu were manipulated into thinking that the Tutsi are the enemy and so a mass genocide begins and Thousands of Tutsi men,women and mainly children were killed without remorse ,so a new generation of Tutsi wasnt possible. The techniques that Terry george used consists of Special effects,Audio,camera angles,camera movements and focus. The director uses these features to change the way a viewer understand the film and how they would see It.

One of the techniques that the director uses in Hotel Rwanda is special effects, when Paul the main character and Gregoire, one of Paul’s hotel staff are driving down the river road, which George a Hutu soldier told them was clear,The  windows of the van turn foggy due to special effects which forces Paul to stop the car because they couldn’t  see and Paul didn’t want to crash.When Paul gets out the car it is foggy and Paul falls out onto a heap of dead bodies when he gets up it is foggy until the camera changes to a point of view shot and the fog completely clears revealing the true amount of dead bodies there were. At this point in the movie paul came to the realization of how serious the situation was.

Another aspect that Terry George added was tension and he used eerie silences and music to build tension in Paul’s epiphany scene. The audio and sound effects the director adds are sinister and fast paced sounds that gives the idea that something bad is coming or has already come the sounds build tension and suspense and a when Paul sees the bodies through the fog the music stops so we can hear the noises that he is making which is a gagging sound like he is going to throw up.

The most important feature of the film is how it was filmed using the right camera angles to show tension in a scene or so the viewer can see the surroundings of the scene to give them an idea of where they are or why they might be there. In Paul’s epiphany scene it starts with George and Paul talking about george wanting paul to join him in getting rid of the tutsi. This first shot is a mid shot to see Paul’s face when george proposes his plan him and the reaction to this proposal. After paul drives off the shot changes to a shot of the van they are in and then changes to an over the shoulder angle to show what paul and gregoire see which is a foggy window.When Gregoire stops the car because its foggy Paul steps out of the van and falls out of the cameras view onto the dead bodies and then the shot changes to a p.o.v (Point of view) of Paul seeing a dead child.The next shot after that is when Paul sees the rest of the dead bodies and then the camera zooms in on his face to see his expression which is disgust and distress in the face of him discovering what the Hutu had been doing.

Focus,taking the camera in and out of focus has many uses but in this film just before Paul’s epiphany when the camera is close-up on his face the background was taken out of focus to give show that Paul’s face was the most important thing in the shot and the viewers should be looking at his face and nothing in the background because just seconds after the Paul’s epiphany the whole shot comes into focus.

Camera movements can change the way a film looks and can also make the story easy to follow because a camera on a track following the person from the side or from behind instead of having multiple cameras and having to switch cameras which can confuse the viewers because the are having to catch up with why the cameras are changing. In hotel Rwanda the camera follows Paul from when he falls on the dead body when he gets up of the floor the camera is still following him all the way to his “epiphany”.

In my opinion the feature fit in well and were used well and the features enhance the scene and mad it easier to understand the director of Hotel Rwanda used cinematographic techniques to develop tension in Paul’s epiphany scene In my view I felt the scene to be fast paced and it was easy to see what


Posted on March 3, 2016 by Nefer-Ra

The comparison between animal farm and the U.S.S.R

In the animal farm regardless of the communist state it is shown to be their is a social hierarchy and when the rebellion took place the pigs assumed control and make all the decisions on the farm and even though it is put to a vote it the pigs still propose the ideas to the rest of the animals on the farm.  In comparing the book to the u.s.s.r, Mr jones the man who ran the farm before the rebellion represents the last Tsar of Russia Nicholas Alexandrovich who lost the support of his army and had no alternative but to abdicate. A shaky provisional government was established where others assumed control and Mrs jones was Nicholas II ‘s wife, the owner of Foxwood  farm ,Mr Pilkington was the leader of England Mr Foxwood was the owner of Pinchfield farm (Leader of Germany). Frederick is a mix of all the German leaders including Hitler. Mr whymper is a solicitor living in willingdon Represents capitalist who did business with the Soviet state.

Napoleon the pig joseph Stalin second leader of the soviet Union. Animal farm skips the short rule of Lenin and has Napoleon leading the farm from the beginning of the revolution.

Squealer the pig represents the media which spreads napoleon’s version of the truth to every on in this case “four legs good two legs bad”

Snowball represents Leo Trotsky. Trotsky was one of the original revolutionaries. But as Stalin rose to power he became one of Stalin’s biggest enemies, and was eventually expelled from the Politburo in 1925 snowball is chased away by the dogs that represent the Police in animal farm. Old major is the creator of animalism he represents karl max

Boxer and clover the two horses represent  the working class and mollie represents the upper class

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